Sigall Horovitz is currently completing a PhD in Law (specializing in Transitional Justice) at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She is additionally employed by the Law Department of the Hebrew University as a research fellow in the DOMAC Project. Sigall also heads the Transitional Justice Project of the Hebrew University’s Minerva Center for Human Rights.
For three years Sigall worked as legal adviser to the President of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in Arusha, Tanzania. She previously served for a year with the Office of the Prosecutor at the Special Court for Sierra Leone. Sigall completed her LL.M (with honors) at Columbia University in 2003.
My research, titled "the Contribution of International Criminal Courts to National Reconciliation in Africa", will focus on the effectiveness of two international criminal courts: the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) and the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL). In particular, it will assess whether and how effective these courts were in achieving their goal of promoting national reconciliation in their target countries. Most claims about the relationship between international criminal courts and national reconciliation are theoretical and philosophical, with little, if any, empirical grounding. I hope to address this lacuna by tracing, through empirical tools, the chain of causation between the above courts and national reconciliation, focusing on a major avenue through which international criminal courts influence national societies: their interaction with domestic justice systems. At the first stage, I will examine the interaction between the ICTR and SCSL and the domestic justice systems of their respective target countries, and identify the "tangible outcomes" of these interactions. The second stage of the research will assess the impact of these "tangible outcomes" on national reconciliation, thus enriching our understanding of the ways in which (and extent to which) the ICTR and SCSL contributed to national reconciliation in their target countries.